Certain spelling rules that are to be followed while forming the plural nouns are
Some of the nouns look like plural (ends with‘s’) but they are not plurals. They take the
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- Certain Nouns always take singular verb form.
Examples: Information, Knowledge, advice, furniture, courage.
The information is kept secret.
Knowledge is wealth.
The furniture in the palace has been auctioned.
- Certain Nouns take plural form of verb.
Examples: Premises, Riches, Headquarters, Contents, Stairs, Scissors, Glasses, Arms,
Outskirts, Clothes, Remains, Goggles, Spectacles
My new goggles are costlier than my old ones.
The college premises were kept clean by the students.
The scissors are
- Some nouns ending with’s’ have different meanings in singular and plural form.
Examples: Arm - Arms, Good - Goods, Cloth - Clothes, Hair - Hairs, Custom - Customs.
The railway arms are missing. (Arms – Weaponry)
My arm is painful to touch. (Arm – Limb)
The stolen goods were restored by the police. (Goods – Belongings)
Being good is not as easy as it looks. (Good – Pleasant)
The custom followed by the tribal is difficult to follow. (Custom – Practices)
The customs are examining the ship for a smuggled container. (Customs – Excise Officers)
- Some of the plurals are formed using irregular patterns. They are called as Irregular Nouns. These have to be memorized as it doesn’t follow any general basic grammar rules. These irregular plurals are sometimes called as "Mutated (or mutating) Plurals".
- Some of the nouns do not change their Greek and Latin forms while taking its plural.
- Nouns that end with 'f' or 'fe' takes the plural form by changing 'f' to 'v' and adding '-es'.
But however this rule has some exceptions. Here the plural is formed by just adding a ‘-s
- Collective Nouns take both singular and plural forms. When the collective noun acts as a group, it takes the singular form. When the noun is considered as individual acting within the group, then it takes the plural form.
Example: The jury has convened exactly at 9 A.M. (Singular – as a group)
The juries have changed their decision on producing the evidence. (Plural – as Individuals)
The family has decided to move for San Francisco. (Singular – as a group)
The families have different opinions about their party outfits. (Plural – as Individuals)
The orchestra performs today in Los Angeles. (Singular – as a group)
The orchestras are fine-tuning their instruments for their performance. (Plural – as Individuals)
** However these collective nouns are generally used for singular forms of verb and for plural forms terms like ‘members of the family / committee / board / etc are used.