It is important to select the right personal pronoun that agrees in number (singular or plural), person (first, second, or third person), gender (masculine, feminine, neuter), and case (subject, object, possessive).
Use of I or Me in a sentence
1. Jarrod and I are working together on the latest assignment on eco diversity.
Here, we use "I" and not “me” because “I” is part of the subject of the sentence.
2. They finally submitted their long overdue report on global warming to me.
Here, we use “me” because it is the object of the sentence.
Use of It or he/she in a sentence
It is not always used to refer to a single thing or introduce a remark. A pet animal is referred to as he/him or she/her and some countries and vehicles (ships, cars, bikes) are often treated as female and referred to as she/her.
Here are some examples:
- Meet my dog Bruno. He is the light of my life. (dog is referred to as ‘he’ rather than ‘it’)
- India needs to forge better ties with her neighbours. (country is referred to as ‘her’)
- I am really fond of my new car. She is a delight to watch. (car is referred to as ‘she’)