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What are Interjections?

An interjection is an exclamatory word or phrase which is often added to a statement to make it sound stronger in the emotion or feeling it has to convey.

In a nutshell, interjections are simply the additional words or phrases that are used in a sentence to express/ show some strong feeling or emotion (Kinds of Interjection: - joy, disgust, wonder, gratitude etc.). It is a part of speech that shows the emotion or feeling of the subject.

 

List of Interjections

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There are hundreds, of interjections in the English language. Most are designed to express strong emotions, such as love, hate, surprise, happiness, anger, enthusiasm, hatred, dullness, confusion or bliss. Some interjections can express either a mild emotion, or can be expressions, such as “Excuse me.” The exclamations enlisted below are some of the popular interjections we use in English Language today-

Showing surprise: Ah! Oh!

Surprise


Showing pain: Ouch! Ow!

Pain


Showing amusement: Ha! Ha!

Amusement


Showing disgust:
Ugh! Err!

Disgust


Showing lack of understanding: Eh! Really?

Lack of Understanding


Showing gratitude:
Goodness Gracious!

Gratitude


Examples of Interjections

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Examples:
  1. Oh no! I forgot my password.
  2. Shhh! Keep quiet in the library.
  3. Oops! I have made such a silly mistake.
  4. Wow! We are going to Switzerland next week.
  5. Yes, I agree to what my parents say.
  6. Well, the season has not changed a bit since last week.
  7. Goodness Gracious! We won the match.
  8. Really? Do you think her behavior is justified?
  9. Oh dear! I don’t know what to do about this mess.
  10. Congrats! You finally got your Master’s degree.

                                  Examples of Interjections                         
 Ahem             Eww                 Oh dear!          Whoa              Heh!             
 Ahh  Hmm   Shoot!  Yahoo   Jeepers 
 Alas!   Good grief!   duh!  Yeah  Humph!
 Hurrah!   Jeez  Bravo!  Yoo-hoo   Bingo
 Congrats!   Grrr!  Oops  Zing  Cheers
 Eh  Ooh-la-la  Phew  Whoopee   Hallelujah 
 Help!  Wow!  Ouch!  Ha! ha!  Bam!

Rules of Interjections

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While using interjections, we must keep in mind some very simple rules. They are as follows-
  1. We just add an interjection as an extra factor of strength to a sentence, without making any grammatical changes. This is to ensure that the latter can stand grammatically correct on its own, even if the added interjection is removed. 
  2. Interjections do not always have to be at the beginning of a sentence. They can appear in the middle, at the end, or anyplace else where the subject wants to interject a feeling and emotion.
  3. In some cases, an interjection can be followed by a comma instead of the exclamation mark. This usually happens when the emotion to be expressed by the interjection is milder in nature.
  4. In some cases, an interjection can be followed by a question mark instead of the exclamation mark. This happens when the interjection is added to an interrogative sentence which presents a question or expects a response.
  5. Interjections can find their way into fictional or artistic writing, most often in the form of dialogue

Exercise:
Highlight the Interjections in the below mentioned sentences:
  • Uh oh! The teacher’s caught him. 
  • Hey! I’m over here!”
  • "Dear me! That's a surprise!" 
  • You liar! Get out of here right now.
  • Alas! I’m lost in the wilds.
  • Bah! That was a total waste of time.
  • Humph, she probably cheated to make such good grades.
  • Shoot! I forgot my brother’s birthday.
  • Well, duh! That was a stupid thing to do!
  • Jeepers, that was close.
  • Yikes, the dog vomited profusely on the cat.
  • Hush! The baby may wake up
  • What! Has he invited you!
  • Phew! I am not trying that again.
  • Boo! I scared you.
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