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Countable Noun







A noun is the name of a person, place or thing. Nouns can normally be grouped into different types, and countable noun is one of its types.

 

What is Countable Noun?

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A Countable Noun, as the name suggests, refers to the things that can be counted. Countable nouns are also called Count Nouns.

Examples:  

The children on the bus peeped out of the window to greet the winners of the match.


The rose flowers in the garden attracted the butterflies.



Those bags are too heavy to carry.



Countable Nouns can be Singular or Plural. Singular nouns name one person, place, or thing. Plural nouns name more than one.

Examples:

 Singular   Plural     
  •  This tree bears fruit once in two years. 
  •  Trees need sunlight for growth and survival. 
  •  The lady was amazed to see the collection of artifacts in the  museum. 
  • The ladies of this house were victims of the supposed curse of the  family.
  •  Tiffany is writing a book about wildlife.
  •  I love reading books.


Most plural nouns are formed by adding –s to the end of the singular noun.

                Singular                                    Plural                    
ant ants
 paragraph   paragraphs 
 tool  tools
 banana  bananas
 instrument   instruments 
 field  fields
 rabbit  rabbits

Singular nouns that end in -ch, x, s or s-like sounds, however, will require an -es for the plural form.

               Singular                                    Plural                        
                   bus                   buses 
                   box                   boxes
                 bench                 benches 
                 grass                 grasses
                 brush                 brushes
                 dress                 dresses

Some countable nouns have irregular plural forms, and they are called Irregular Nouns.

                 Singular                                         Plural                     
 man  men
 child  children 
 knife  knives
 mouse  mice
 syllabus  syllabi
 tooth  teeth
 criterion  criteria
 ox  oxen

If the countable noun is Singular, articles such as a, an, and the (both definite and indefinite) or the determiners like this, that, can be used. The singular countable nouns take singular verbs.

Look at these examples:

Peter tried to snatch the ball from Jennifer.



An apple a day keeps doctor away.



This book is scarier than almost any movie you could be watching.



If the countable noun is Plural, we can use qualifiers like some, many, few, fewer, several, etc. Plural countable nouns take plural form of verb.

Examples:

Many students volunteered to help the victims of flood.



Juliet receives several letters from her fans every day.



A very few people in the world dedicate their life for the happiness of others.



Some of the quantifiers like many, (a) few, fewer, several, any, each, every, both, either, neither, only, a number of, a great / large number of can be used only with countable nouns.

But some of the quantifiers like a lot of, some, lots of, any, plenty of can be used for both countable and uncountable nouns.


Look at these examples for the differences:

1) There is some coffee left on the pot?     Uncountable Noun

    
2) There are some boys waiting for the shop to be open?    Countable Noun


3) Is there any rice in the sack?  Uncountable Noun


4) There aren’t any girls in the classroom?   Countable Noun


5) A lot of water is reserved for future purposes?   Uncountable Noun


6) A lot of disposable water bottles are recycled for saving the environment from pollution?   Countable Noun

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