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Comparative Adjectives

Comparative Adjective is used to compare two things, people or places. We can tell if they are the same or different. When we talk about two things, we can "compare" them. A noun to another noun such as this bus uses more fuel than this car.

Comparative Adjective


1. Comparative Adjectives are used to describe things or people. Though often Comparative Adjectives are followed by 'than', sometimes they are not used while comparing things.

Examples:
  • We really need a stronger boat now to continue our journey.
  • I had a better experience on my tour last month.

2. Comparative Adjectives with 'than' are used to compare things/people/places with one another.

Examples:
  • The eggs in this shop are costlier than any other shops here.
  • The Main Papers in the exam are tougher than the Allied Papers.

3. Comparative Adjectives are used to describe the effect of changes on someone or something. When describing about the changes it is always used with 'two comparatives' and 'and'.

Examples:
  • The stakes of losing money has been getting bigger and bigger these days
  • The boys recruited in the army are facing more and more hardships on days of war.

4. Comparatives Adjectives are often used to denote the dependency of one thing on the other.

Examples:  
  • If there is more rain, the climate becomes colder
  • When there is more efficiency in the technology, the price rates become higher than usual.

We use comparative adjectives when talking about two things not three or more things.

Example:
Mt Fuji is higher than all other mountains.

Here, we are talking about hundreds of mountains, but we are still comparing one entity (Mt Fuji) to one other entity (all other mountains).

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List of Spelling Rules for Comparative Adjectives

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Some of the spelling rules to be followed while forming Comparative Adjectives are:

                          Adjective                                           Comparative Formation                                       Examples                        
 One Syllable Adjectives   Add ‘-er’
 Tall – Taller 
 Old – Older 
 High – Higher 
 Calm – Calmer 
 One Syllable Adjectives 
 ending with ‘y’ 
 Differ in their formations:
 For some add ‘-er’
 For some replace ‘y’ with ‘-ier’ 
 Great – Greater 
 Fast – Faster
 Dry – Drier
 Shy – Shier
 One Syllable Adjectives
 ending with silent ‘e’
 Drop ‘e’ and add ‘-er’ 
 Safe – Safer
 Huge - Huger
 Large - Larger
 Wise – Wiser
 Some One syllable Adjectives 
 ending with a Single
 Consonant and preceded by
 a Single Vowel
 Double the end
 consonant and add ‘-er’
 Thin – Thinner
 Big – Bigger
 Sad – Sadder
 Hot – Hotter 
 Two Syllable Adjectives
 Differ in their formations:
 For some add  ‘-er’
 For some add  ‘more’
 Clever – Cleverer 
 Narrow – Narrower 
 Perfect – More Perfect 
 Gentle – More Gentle 
 Two Syllable Adjectives 
  ending with ‘y’ 
 Change the ‘y’ to an ‘i’
 and add ‘-er’ 
 Early – Earlier
 Angry – Angrier
 Heavy - Heavier
 Healthy – Healthier
 Three or more Syllable 
 Adjectives
 Add ‘more’
 Important – More Important 
 Interesting – More Interesting 
 Beautiful – More Beautiful
 Expensive – More Expensive

Exceptions:

Some of the adjectives are formed in an irregular basis. Here no specific spelling rules can be observed.  These are to be memorized because they differ completely for all the three kinds of adjectives – Positive, Comparative and Superlative.

Look at these examples for irregular forms of adjectives:

                Positive                       Comparative                       Superlative       
 Good / Well   Better  Best
 Little (amount)   Less  Least
 Many / Much / Some   More  Most
 Bad  Worse  Worst
 Far  Farther / Further   Farthest / Furthest 
 Late (order)  Latter  Last
 Late (time)  Latter  Latest
 Old (age)  Older / Elder  Oldest / Eldest

In some of the adjectives, Comparatives can be formed by using either ‘-er’ or ‘more’.

                Adjective                               Add                              Example                                                         
 2 Syllables or less   ER   Tall , calm, sweet, thin     taller, calmer,
  sweeter, thinner 
 3 Syllables or less   MORE    attractive, perfect,
  anxious 
  more attractive
  more perfect
  more anxious

Comparative Adjectives use ER or MORE.
  • Quiet – Quieter / More Quiet
  • Simple – Simpler / More Simple
  • Clever – Cleverer / Most Clever
  • Subtle – Subtler / More Subtle
  • Stupid – Stupider / More Stupid
  • Likely – Likelier / More Likely
  • Polite – Politer / More Polite

Examples:
  • The girl is taller than his sister.
  • My house is smaller than your house.
  • The movie is more interesting than the book.
  • The shoes are more expensive than the boots.
  • My sister is older than me.
  • The dress is more expensive than my dress.

Comparative Adjectives Examples

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  1. Ronaldo is a better player than any other in his team.
  2. Charlotte is not taller than Rebecca.
  3. His sister is more intellectual than Joe.
  4. Learning English is not more difficult than learning French.
  5. A Cent has a very less value than a Dollar.
  6. The well in my house is deeper than many other wells in my hometown.
  7. The Sun is larger than any other planets in the Solar System.
  8. Mango is sweeter than Apple.
  9. The rate of LED TV is higher than LCD TV.
  10. His attitude is more peculiar now days.
  11. Candy is a smaller dog than Bruno so she usually loses the fight over dog treats.
  12. The shops are always more crowded just before Christmas.
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