One of the methods is down style or Sentence case. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association has recommended this style. In this style, the title is written as if it is a Sentence only. In this style, we only capitalize the first letter and all proper nouns.
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In the next method, all the first letters of the all the words in the title is capitalized. This method is considered to be very simple as there is no need to remember which word to capitalize and which one to write in small letters but this method is known as lazy man’s method.
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The next method is up style or Title Case. Depending on what part of speech is the word, we decide whether the words should be capitalized or not. There are some basic rules that are following while using this rule:
- No matter what the part of speech is, we capitalize the first and last word of the title.
- Verbs, subordinating conjunctions, nouns, adverbs are capitalized if they are in the title.
- ‘To’ is an infinitive. We should lowercase ‘to’ in the title
- All articles, prepositions are written in lower case or small letter.
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Capitalization Rules in Titles
There are some more methods for capitalization rules in titles.
- The compound words which are hyphenated are written in capitals.
For Example: Best-Quality Internet Services
- When we put a colon, the first word that comes after a colon is always capitalized.
For Example: Tourism: Best Guide in Travel and Tours.
As mentioned earlier, depending on the length of the word we decide whether to capitalize the word or not. We often do not capitalize the shorter words (two or three letters) and capitalized the longer ones. But it should be kept in mind that nouns, verbs, adjectives can also be small words but they should always be capitalized. While determining the capitalization rules in titles, part of speech are always more important than the length of words.
In order to set off the exact or direct words, we use quotation marks. They are used in order to set off somebody’s exact words, phrases, or certain parts in titles. When we quote, the first word after the quotation mark is always capitalized. We will quote the first word when the quoted part is a complete sentence. Also when the quotation is not a complete sentence or is a part of a bigger sentence, we do not capitalize the quotation.
In case of a direct quotation, if it is interrupted in the mid of the sentence, we do not capitalize the second part of the sentence.
“I did not go to school today,” Joshua said, “I was down with fever.”
When a quotation material is just a part of a sentence, we should not capitalize the first word of the quotation.
Jayden asked me whether I’ll be “heading towards the city.”
After an explanatory interruption, we should use a period after the interruption. Then we should start the quotation mark with a new sentence again. The first word of the new sentence should be capitalized.
We can set off magazine titles, song names, titles of books with the help of quotation marks.
I heard “The Beatles” song yesterday.
Have you read Nicholas Spark’s book called “Message in a Bottle?”
Capitalize. . .
- The first word of a sentence
- Proper nouns , The single-letter word, first person pronoun ‘I.’
- The first word of a sentence following a colon
- The first word in each line of most poetry
- Salutations and closings in letters
- Names of God, specific deities, religious figures, and holy books
- Countries, nationalities, Monuments, Universities and specific languages
- Periods and events names of the planets, bridges, tunnels
- Trademarks and Titles
- Initials, initialisms, and acronyms like Jackson M. Carter, FBI, DVD, AIDS, NASDAQ
- The first word in a sentence that is a direct quote, even if the direct quote comes in the middle of a sentence
- Directions such as North, South, East, and West/ Days of the week, months of the year, and holidays/ Seasons, when used in a title