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Adverb of Place

Adverb of Place

An adverb of place qualifies the meaning of a sentence by addressing the question ‘where.’ It not only points out the place of action but also where the action occurs or occurred or will occur. It is also sometimes referred to as a spatial adverb. An adverb of place always talks about the location where the action of the verb is being carried out.


Examples:
  • I am certain he will come here to jog.
  • They built a house nearby.
  • After a long day at work, we headed homewards.
  • Don’t worry about the children; they are playing outside.
  • Someone must warn them against flying kites on the top of the building.
In the above sentences, ‘here’, ‘outside’, ‘nearby’, ‘homewards’ and ‘on the top’ tell us where the action is taking place or will take place. Hence, they are adverbs of place.

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Rules of Adverbs of Place

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  • An adverb of place addresses the question ‘where?’ and points out the location of the action.
Example:
  1. Marianne wants to go outside to get some fresh air.
  2. She looked everywhere for her friends but could not find them.
  • Adverbs of place are usually placed after the main verb of the sentence or its object.
Example:
  1. John looked up to see a kite flying in the sky. (After the main verb)
  2. Come in; the door is open. (After the main verb)
  3. Why did you build your house nearby? (After the object)
  4. Martha took her mother outside for a walk. (After the object)
  • Adverbs of place indicate direction such as up, down, around, away, north, southeast
Example:
  1. I looked around to see litter lying everywhere on the street.
  2. If you go in the southeast direction, you will find the church.
  • Adverbs of place indicate distances such as nearby, far away, miles apart
Example:
  1. Sandra’s house is nearby. You can easily find it.
  2. I don’t think he can make it to the meeting on time. He lives really far away.
  • An adverb of place indicates an object’s position in relation to another object such as below, between, above, behind, through, around and so forth.
Example:
  1. Place them below the rack.
  2. Look above and you will see grey clouds in the sky.
  • An adverb of place indicates movement in a particular direction such as toward, forward, backwards, homeward, westward, eastwards, onward, inwards, upwards
Example:
  1. Look inwards and introspect the follies within you.
  2. The boat sailed eastwards to reach its destination.
  • Some common adverbs of place are combined with prepositions to make many adverbial phrases such as down here, down there, over here, over there, under here, under there, up here, up there
Example:
  1. Come over here; we are all down by the lake.
  2. You will find a dungeon down there.
  • An adverb of place can also function as a preposition.
Example:
  1. Susan was looking striking with a yellow scarf on. (Adverb)
  2. Susan put the yellow scarf on the bench. (Preposition)
Other words include about, across, along, around, behind, by, down, in, off, on, over, round, through, under, up, ahead, abroad, overseas, uphill, downhill, sideways, indoors, outdoors

Examples of Adverbs of Place

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  • Please put the cookie tray over there.
  • Jack walked towards the car.
  • Did you really see the ship go northwards
  • Could you please bring that pen here?
  • My uncle’s farm is nearby. I visit it as often as I can.
  • Come here; let me see your wound. 
  • The book is in there. You can go and see it yourself. 
  • Here comes the taxi! Thank God for small mercies! 
  • There she comes! We have been waiting for her since hours. 
  • Come forward so that I can take your measurements properly.
  • She was waiting with a red scarf on.
  • Joanna looked away, up, down, around...

Adverbs of Place List

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Let’s familiarize with a list of adverbs of place in the table below:

 About                  Above                Across                 Away                  Anywhere             
 Ahead   Back  Backwards   Beyond   Below
 Behind   Down  Downwards   Downstairs   Eastwards 
 Everywhere   Elsewhere   Far  Here  In
 Indoors  Inside  Near  Nearby  Off
 On  Out  Outside  Over  Overseas
 There  Towards  Under  Up  Upstairs
 Where  West  Yonder  Onwards  Abroad
 Uphill  Downhill  Sideways  Outdoors  Along
 Around  By  Round  Through  Underground

Test Yourself
I. Identify the adverbs of place in the sentences below.
  • Derrick went upstairs to check if her son was asleep.
  • Come here, girl! You need a wash.
  • The ship sailed northwards and faced a storm along the way.
  • Go across the street and you will find a quaint eatery.
  • Look around! You just missed being hit.
  • The people demonstrated in London.
  • Let me drive you home.
  • The guards wouldn't let us go through.
  • The Cullen’s have been living here for several years.

II. Can you identify which of these sentences below have adverbs of place?
  • Close the door when you go out.
  • The cat is beneath the couch.
  • Will you be sowing the seeds in a greenhouse?
  • Switch off the cooler please. It’s really getting cold.
  • When she saw me waiting, she ran towards me.
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