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Adverb of Manner


Adverb of Manner

An adverb of manner qualifies the meaning of a sentence by telling us in which manner the action has occurred, occurs, or will occur. In short, an adverb of manner tells us how an action happens. Adverbs of Manner add more information to verbs to make them more specific.


Let’s look at a few examples:
  • Bethany ran. (In this sentence, we can only guess how fast or how slow Bethany ran as there is no adverb of manner.)

  • Bethany ran quickly. (In this sentence, ‘quickly’ is the adverb of manner as it shows us that she ran at a high speed.)
  • Bethany was exhausted and hence, she ran slowly. (In this sentence, ‘slowly’ is the adverb of manner as it tells us that Bethany is not running as fast as before as she is tired.)
When we compare the above sentences, we see that the adverbs of manner change the meaning of the sentences they’re used in. We know from the adverbs of manner that running at different speeds is a possibility. ‘Quickly’ and ‘slowly’ are adverbs of manner because they describe running at different speeds.

Adverbs of manner are formed by adding ly to the corresponding adjectives. Let’s look at the below cases:

When the adjective ends in ‘ic’, the syllable ‘al’ is added before the ending ‘ly’. We simply add -ly to their corresponding adjective as they are usually placed after the main verb or after the object.
  • Specific – Specifically
  • Basic – Basically
When the adjective ends in ‘le’ lead by a vowel / consonant the final ‘e’ is changed to ‘y’ to form ‘ly’.
  • Sole – Solely
  • Humble – Humbly
  • Whole – Wholly
When the adjective ends in ‘ll’ only ‘y’ is added.
  • Dull – Dully
  • Full – Fully
When the adjective ends in ‘ue’, the final ‘e’ is omitted before the ending ‘ly’ is added.
  • Due – Duly
  • True – Truly
When the adjective ends in ‘y’ lead by a consonant, the ‘y’ is changed to ‘I’ before the ending ‘ly’ is added.
  • Easy – Easily
  • Happy – Happily

 

Rules of Adverbs of Manner

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Let’s learn how to use adverbs of manner correctly:
  • An adverb of manner is most effective when placed after the sentence’s object or main verb.
Example:
  1. Alice speaks loudly. (After the main verb)
  2. Susan solved the equation easily. (After the object)
  • An adverb of manner must not be placed between the object and the verb.
Example:
  1. Thomas respects immensely his parents. (This is incorrect as the adverb of manner is placed between the object and the main verb)
  2. Thomas respects his parents immensely. (This is correct as the adverb of manner is placed after the object.)
  • An adverb of manner works best when placed either before the preposition or after the object of the sentence if there is a preposition before the object.
Example:
  1. Maria gifted a ceramic painting lovingly to her parents. (Before the preposition ‘to’)
  2. My Cheshire cat looked at me sadly as I left the house. (After the object ‘me’)
  • An adverb of manner is most effective when placed before both the verb and object in order to add emphasis. They can also be placed at the beginning of a sentence.
Example:
  1. She looked at me eagerly. (After the object ‘me’)
  2. Generously, I lent her the book. (Beginning of the sentence)

Adverb of Manner Examples

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Let’s read a few example sentences to see how the adverbs of manner are used.
  • Bernard plays the guitar beautifully
  • Jim was driving slowly and yet he met with an accident. Poor Jim!
  • Good work! You replied to his queries correctly.
  • Ryan walks fast; it is difficult to catch up with him.
  • I was amazed to see how she solved the problem so easily.
  • He agreed to go to the store for milk quickly.
In the sentences below, notice how using the same adverb of manner can lend different meanings to the same sentences. 
  • Mia quickly agreed to go to the park with her son. (Her agreement was quick)
  • Mia agreed to go to the park with her son quickly. (She would go to the park quickly)
  • John quietly asked Jack to enter the room. (John’s request was quiet)
  • John asked Jack to enter the room quietly. (Tom should not make any noise when entering.)
  • The mother woke her gently sleeping child. (The child was sleeping gently)
  • The mother gently woke her sleeping child. (The mother was gentle while waking the child)

Adverbs of Manner List

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Let’s read through this list of adverbs of manner:

 adoringly                daringly                generously            lazily                    quickly                 silently                  truthfully             
 accidentally   deliberately   gently  loosely   quietly  sleepily  unexpectedly 
 angrily  doubtfully  gladly  loudly  rapidly  slowly  violently
 anxiously  eagerly  greedily  madly  rarely  smoothly  vivaciously
 awkwardly  elegantly  happily  mortally   really  softly  warmly
 badly  enormously  hard  mysteriously   reluctantly   speedily  weakly
 boldly  equally  hastily  nervously  repeatedly  stealthily   wearily
 bravely  eventually  honestly  noisily  rightfully  sternly  well
 busily  exactly  hurriedly  openly  rudely  straight  wildly
 calmly  faithfully  inadequately   painfully  sadly  stupidly  wisely
 carefully  fast  innocently  patiently  safely  suspiciously   
 cautiously  fatally  inquisitively  perfectly  selfishly  swiftly  
 clearly  fondly  irritably  politely  sensibly  tenderly  
 closely  foolishly  joyously  poorly  seriously  tensely  
 correctly  fortunately  justly  powerfully  sharply  thoughtfully  
 courageously   frantically  kindly  promptly  shyly  tightly  

Test Yourself
I. Identify the adverbs of manner in the following sentences.
  1. The mountaineer climbed the steep side of the mountain bravely.
  2. Mario ate the chocolate cake greedily.
  3. Why don’t you walk quickly? You will miss the bus if you walk like this.
  4. She sang for the crowd happily.
  5. James coughed loudly to attract her attention.
  6. It would help to read the papers carefully before you sign them.
  7. Exercising so strenuously might hurt your legs.
  8. My grandmother complained loudly about the temperature of the room.
  9. The rain fell heavily.
  10. When my teacher speaks, we listen carefully.
II. Decide if the adverbs of manner are placed correctly.
  1. She eagerly opened the birthday gift from her parents.
  2. Mary cut happily her birthday cake.
  3. They are very friendly, aren't they?
  4. John did not understand why Tim looked at him so angrily.
  5. I am not sure how you efficiently could solve the problem.
  6. Did you really speak to your friend so irritably?
  7. Dominic drove carefully along the narrow road.
  8. Anna speaks French more fluently than Jack
  9. Turn the stereo down. It's too loud.
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