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Paragraph Structure

One of the main essential elements of compositions is the paragraph.  Group of sentences together discussing one man topic consisting of several sentences grouped together is called a Paragraph.

A Paragraph has three primary parts which are the topic or the main subject sentence, body sentences, and the concluding or final sentence. 
Paragraphs can be of changeable lengths, but must preview an intelligible argument combined under a sole topic. A Lengthy paragraph indicates lack of edifice and Short paragraphs indicate lack of substance wherein there is no enough evidence or investigation to prove a point. Effective paragraphs guide the reader by aiding to explain, validate, and support the thesis statement or the argument. An effective paragraph has three main parts: claim, evidence, and analysis.

Claim: This is a way of announcing the main focus of the paragraph; which tells the reader what the paragraph will be about.  Claims are mini arguments that support the thesis, they should be uncertain claims that will try to "prove" the evidence. Each claim should be a purpose why the reader should consider the main idea. The claim contains evidence, in a realistic and interesting way by comprising specific facts, the claim is 

Evidence: The evidence helps to "prove" each claim to the reader and supports or backs up claims. Evidences could include info from articles, books, files, electronic sources, or any research gathered. Evidence might take the form of a direct quotation, summarized facts, statistical data etc. It is important to represent a variety of opinions and visions. Good evidence exhibits information of the topic and includes several expert views to back up the claim.

Analysis or Concluding Statement: It is a way of "wrapping up" the evidence or facts presented in the paragraph. It explains why the evidence supports the claim and why it supports the main thesis in the paragraph. It’s important to end an analysis with individual information rather than with evidence, helping you to take control of the paper.


Structure of a Paragraph

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A paragraph is an array of sentences prepared and related to a specific topic. The main structure of a paragraph is:

Topic sentence(s) - A paragraph consists of a main topic which is the main sentence or idea of a paragraph and tells its readers what the paragraph is going to talk about. It is usually comes at the beginning of a paragraph, it is the first sentence of introduction that clearly states the main idea that is intended to progress. A topic sentence not only is the main sentence of a paragraph, it is the most common sentence in a written paragraph. Topic sentence is a preview for the reader the kinds of info that the remaining paragraph is likely to contain. There are not many details in the sentence, but the sentence introduces an overall idea that is to be discussed later in the paragraph. Topic sentence functions as a thesis in a paragraph and further pushes the thesis of the essay and presents a debatable point.

Supporting Evidence /Analysis: Supporting the evidence is to explicate the new idea and point that has been introduced. Elaboration may include investigation, illustration and persuasion etc. While writing a paragraph a student needs to find a sense of balance between evidence provided such as proofs, evidences, quotes, summary of actions/conspiracy, etc.and analysis which includes interpretation of evidence. The supporting sentences are the additional sentences in a paragraph.These sentence either:
  • Expand the main point
  • Describe key terms
  • Suggest explanations
  • Provide examples
  • Give added factors

Concluding Sentence: The last part of a paragraph is called the concluding sentence. A Concluding sentence meets the requirements of the views expressed in order to connect the present paragraph to the subsequent paragraph. It is the summary of information that has been told so far. A concluding sentence is a good idea in case the paragraph is long which connects and draws connections of all the evidence stated. It’s important that the claims you make in your conclusion are constant with the summary and body of the thesis.

Paragraphs Principles

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  • A good paragraph should have variety and order
  • A good paragraph benefits students organize their ideas into a consistent paragraph.
  • Begin a paragraph with a topic sentence and end it in conformity with the beginning
  • A descriptive paragraph uses precise details creating a clear impression of person, place, object and time
  • An example paragraph illustrates a point with examples
  • It helps show the structure of conceptions and idea.
  • It validates in a actual way how evidence is connected
  • A paragraph will have a single sentence that visibly speaks its point
  • A comparison paragraph expresses similarities between two or more items.
  • A process paragraph portrays or clarifies a method using chronology
  • A classification paragraph clusters items into classifications
  • A narrative paragraph uses a story or part of a story to develop ideas

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