An essay is a piece of writing which is written with personal point of
view of an author. There are a number of elements that can be seen in an
essay like politically, arguments, criticism, daily observations,
reflections, recollections of the author. Different things to be kept in
mind before writing an essay are:
Research: The topic on which an essay is to be written should be well researched by making use of internet, other academic databases, library or other ways possible. One can make effective notes on the same and then start writing when the research is complete.
Analysis: All the arguments should be analyzed after the research is made. Reasons, evidences, claims, should be well defined. Strength and weaknesses must be seen. Analysis of essays by other authors can also be done.
Brainstorming: Your own insight is the most required to write the essay along with ideas and thoughts. For this, lots of questions can be asked by the writer to self.
Thesis: Thesis forms the main point which is summed up in a precise statement which will allow the reader understand where the author is going and for what reasons.
Outline: Before writing out the essay straightaway, the author should make an outline of it. Single line sentences can be used for description of the paragraph along for its contents. The structure of the essay can also be defined in an outline.
Introduction: The first part is the introduction which should be attention grabbing, where the issue must be spoken about and must be able to lead into the essay thesis.
Paragraphs: Each paragraph must be focused individually on a specific idea in support of the thesis made. The paragraphs can be started with the topic sentences as laid in the outline and can further be supported with evidences and assertions in a sensible way.
Conclusion: The essay should be ended gracefully by wrapping up along with a memorable quotation, a good thought, or may be some logic.
Language: The language of the essay must be grammatically correct, the sentences must be in good flow, a level headed tone must be provided, and proper emphasis and incorporated rhythm are also good elements to be seen to. It must always be proofread before final submission.
UNITY - The topic sentence is the beginning of the unity in a paragraph. Each and every paragraph will always have a single unique idea which can be expressed well in a topic sentence as it is the first sentence of any paragraph.
ORDER - The order of supporting sentences set can be on the basis of priority or importance or may be in any other logical manner. Proper organization avoids confusion.
COHERENCE - It is the quality which makes any writing easy to understand. All the sentences within a paragraph should be connecting with each other and together should work as a complete whole.
COMPLETENESS - A well-developed paragraph is said to be complete. This means all the sentences must be clear and on enough bases supporting the main idea of the paragraph. If the sentences are not giving enough information to prove the analysis, then the paragraph is incomplete.
Consider the Introduction
Does your introduction define all of your key terms?
Does your introduction draw your reader in?
Does your introduction lead your reader clearly to your thesis?Consider Your Thesis
Does your thesis say what you want it to say?
Does it answer the question, "So what?"
Does the paper deliver what your thesis promises to deliver?Consider Your Structure
Does this outline reflect your intentions?
• Does this outline make sense?
• Is each point relevant? Interesting?Consider Your Paragraphs
• Are the paragraphs internally and externally coherent?Consider Your Argument and Its Logic
• Have you dealt fairly with the opposition?
• Have you supplied ample evidence for your arguments?
• Do you see any logical fallacies? Consider your Conclusion
• Is your conclusion appropriate, or does it introduce some completely new idea?
• Does your conclusion sum up your main point?