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Vocabulary

Vocabulary can be defined as a word within a particular language which is known to the person. With increasing age, people tend to develop vocabulary. It is considered as a very important communication tool which improves a person’s knowledge. It also helps one to acquire the knowledge and help in better communication. Vocabulary is a list or collection of words or of words and phrases usually alphabetically arranged and explained or defined where all the words known and used by a person are related to a particular subject.

In any language, one of the biggest challenges is to acquire good vocabulary.  The common definition of vocabulary is “all the words known and used by a particular person.”  The words that are used in a language are known as vocabulary. Sometimes the word vocabulary is abbreviated as “vocab.” The words that are used in any language are known as vocabulary. 

Vocabulary (vocab) refers to the words used in a language. Vocabulary is 
  • All of the words in a language
  • The words used in a particular context
  • The words an individual person knows

Examples of Vocabulary:
  • Minute - Extremely or infinitely small.
   The CBI will find out every minute detail about the fraudulency.
  • Complicated- difficult to understand, analyse, or explain.
   This sum is too complicated.
  • Evident- Clear understanding.
   It was evident that his boss was dissatisfied with his performance.
  • Appoint-to assign to a position or designation.
  He was appointed as Company Secretary by Human Resource Department last month.

 

Vocabulary List

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 Consider           Minute             Accord            Evident          Practice           
 Intend  Concern   Commit   Issue  Approach 
 Establish  Utter  Conduct   Engage   Obtain
 Scarce  Policy  Straight  Stock  Apparent
 Property  Fancy  Concept  Appoint  Passage
 Vain  Instance  Coast  Appeal  Generate

What is Vocabulary?

Vocabulary is vital to communicating with others and understanding what one is reading. Many words have several different meanings; one must study the meanings of the words and the part of speech, the words in context etc.  Apply what you learn by writing sentences with your words. If one’s vocabulary is very strong, it will help the person to write accurately and speak fluently.  It is very important and vital while communicating with others.  

Hence, Words, or phrases or group of words can be termed as vocabulary.  Vocabulary includes synonyms, idioms, antonyms or word lists. A Vocabulary usually develops with age and serves as a fundamental tool for communication. To have mastered vocabulary is of much importance because you will be judged based on the words you use. The more words you know, the more you will be able to understand what you hear and read; and the better you will be able to say what you want to when speaking or writing.

An extensive vocabulary aids expression and communication.
  • Learn the words that are important to the subjects you are studying
  • Learn the words that you read or hear again and again
  • Learn the words that you know you will often want to use yourself
  • Associate words with pictures or use a graphic organiser
  • Write the words in a notebook along with the translations and meaning

Kinds of Vocabulary

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A person’s knowledge of words is divided into two broad kinds of vocabulary. There are two kinds of Vocabulary:
  • Active Vocabulary - Working Vocabulary or Functional Vocabulary
It consists of words a person uses for a speech or writing as he fully understands the meanings of the words.
  • Passive Vocabulary - Recognition Vocabulary
It consists of words a person encounters in a newspaper and editorials or in others speech. These are unfamiliar words where it can be judged based on its context of use.

An active piece of vocabulary is a word a person uses and a passive word is one that a person understands, but does not use.

Example of Active Vocab: Writing Vocab & Speaking Vocab

Example of Passive Vocab: Reading Vocab & Listening Vocab

Types of Vocabulary

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A vocabulary means both a list of words and the range of words known by any one person. There are four main types of vocabulary. 
  • Reading Vocabulary - A learned person's reading vocabulary is all the words he or she can identify when reading.
  • Writing Vocabulary - Words are used in various forms of writing from essays to Twitter feeds. A writer will have his own preference as to which synonyms to use from the entire word list.
  • Listening Vocabulary - A person's listening vocabulary is all the words he or she can recognize when listening to speech or communication.
  • Speaking Vocabulary - A person's speaking vocabulary is all the words he or she uses in communication.

Vocabulary simply means words, and English vocabulary means lots and lots of words. A native English speaking person knows between 10,000 to 20,000 word relations. Without a large vocabulary, even the best understanding of English grammar will not allow you to speak English. Vocabulary is the cornerstone of your English skills.

Basic English Vocabulary includes

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 Alphabets           Animals              Colours               Days & Dates        Greetings           Numbers             
 Seasons  Shapes  Time  Nationalities  Countries  Weather
 People  Buildings   Clothes  Food & Drinks   Education  Entertainment 
 Life & Death   Politics  Money  Shopping  Sport  Transport
 Profession  Idioms  Synonyms   Phrases  Proverbs  Songs
 Antonyms  Sizes  Language  Appearances  Football  Elections

Vocabulary Exercise:

 Brag               Disgraceful        Ability           Numb              Stuttered        Accurate          Grin                  
 Timid   Enormous  Leap  Clumsy   Shrieked  Hiccough  Contradicted 

Fill the appropriate Vocabulary in the sentences below. 
  1. The word _________ is pronounced hiccup.
  2. She has a lot of _________ in tennis; in fact she's the best player in middle school!
  3. Your behavior is _________. Report to the headmaster at once!
  4. "Get away from me!" she _________.
  5. Your work is very _________; it contains no mistakes at all.
  6. What are you _________ about? Did I say something funny?
  7. "I c-c-c-can't f-f-find my b-b-b-book." he _________.
  8. "No, that's not right - he comes from Belgium, not France," she _________.
  9. "I'm the best-looking boy in the school," he _________.
  10. Have you ever seen dolphins _________ out of the water? It's a wonderful sight!
  11. My sister is the _________ person I know.
  12. When I came back from skiing, my fingers were _________ and I couldn't unzip my jacket.
  13. Simon is as _________ as a mouse. 
  14. My neighbour has an _________ dog.

Find the meanings and form a sentence with the below mentioned words:

  • Witness – 
  • Tremble –
  • Trudge –
  • Rumble –
  • Awful –
  • Bruise –
  • Creep –
  • Deteriorate –
  • Feeble –
  • Invincible –
  • Mutter  –
  • Croak –
  • Ensure –
  • Receding –
  • Slam –
More topics in Vocabulary
Word Parts Analogies
Connotation and Denotation Literally and Figuratively
Antonyms Synonyms
Homophones Homonyms
Homographs English Collocations
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